Almost every house using the glass for some parts of the house, such as a window or door. Glass is one of the important elements in buildings, both residential, shopping malls, high-rise buildings or multi-use building. Glass function, in addition to natural lighting, as well as part of the aesthetics of the building.
Actually quite diverse types of glass that can be used for buildings and residences. But among the general public, especially among the lower middle knows only clear glass, mirror glass and glass rayben. This article will explain the types of glass that can be used for the function of the building, both in terms of characteristics and in terms of strength. The introduction of types of glass is very important, that we are not wrong in choosing the type of glass that is associated with their use.
There are also other types of glass are as follows:
1. Clear Glass
This glass is also often referred to as plain glass or in the technical term is float glass. This glass is colorless, has a surface which is very clean, flat and free of distortion. Due to the nature of the glass is colorless, glass type provides a high transmission rate (over 90%) and provide the perfect shade. The glass is widely used for exterior and interior of buildings, both residential and buildings.
However, glass is not recommended for ektserior rise buildings because of its ability to withstand the heat of the sun is low. This glass can also be used for home furnishings, such as cabinets, table top, wall decorations, aquariums and so on. Glass thickness is varied, which is commonly used ranging from 5mm, 6mm or 8mm. Selection of glass thickness adapted to span the glass to be installed. For residential and interior of the building, usually used glass thickness 5mm, 6mm or 8mm depending bentangnya.
2. Glass Color
In the community, this glass is commonly referred to rayben glass, glass color to black. The technical term is a tinted glass. Panasap glass is float glass that is colored by adding a dye metals such as cobalt, iron, silenium, and so on raw materials of glass. Panasap glass capable of absorbing 55% of the sun’s heat, thus reducing the cooling load of the room and gives comfort to building occupants.
The color of the glass, the opaque nature of the glass becomes low, thus providing freedom of privacy for the occupants of the building. Colors available at panasap glass is blue green, dark blue, euro gray, dark gray, bronze and green. Because the color is contained in the glass, then the thicker the glass, the color will be the darker and the level of absorption of solar heat will be higher. This type of glass can be used both for the exterior and interior of the building. But in practice, this type of glass is more widely used on the exterior of the building, both for the doors and windows, as well as on the curtain wall. For da door window, commonly used glass 6mm thick. While on the curtain wall, used glass 8mm or 10mm thick, depending on span glass and wind load calculation results.
3. Reflective Glass
Reflective glass is a type of glass that can reflect light and reduce the nature of invisibility from the outside, so often referred to as one-way glass. At Asahimas glass product is referred to as glass Stopsol. In manufacturing, the glass is coated with a thin transparent coating of metal oxide (as a reflector layer) through the process of pyrolysis. This refletif glass layer is reflecting light and heat, and able to provide a luxurious appearance, while lowering the burden of air pengkodisian energy. This reflective coating layer can be deposited on clear glass or panasap (color) blue, dark blue, gray and green. This glass is used in the opening of doors or windows outside wall, which is expected luxury dressed in buildings. For multi-storey buildings, primarily used in the type of exterior glass wall (curtain wall).
4. Tempered Glass
In short, tempered glass is a type of glass that has a very high strength, compared with ordinary glass. Tempered glass is glass that is hardened by heating ordinary float glass until it reaches a temperature of 700 degrees centigrade, kemudin suddenly cooled with air evenly sprayed evenly on both surfaces of the glass. with this process, the physical changes of glass, which changes the compressive force and tensile force on the glass, but visually there was no change. With the same thickness, the strength of tempered glass is able to achieve 3-5 times that of ordinary glass strength, to wind load, water pressures, impact and to changes in the high temperature (thermal shock). If broken, tempered glass fragments shaped into small and blunt, so it is safe for humans (it will not injure a human being). The use of tempered glass, especially for openings or glass walls in buildings that require a high level of security.
5. Glass Laminated
Laminated glass is a glass with a level of security and high protection against the occupants. If something happened that led to the breakup of the glass, the laminated glass will not scatter, but just a crack and is very difficult to penetrate. Laminated glass consists of a composition of one or more sheets of polyvinyl transparent, flexible and very strong, with one or more sheets of float glass, and brought together through a process of heating and pressing.
Characteristic laminated glass, is that broken glass will not fall or scattered, namu remain attached to the film, and the glass remains attached to the chassis. Laminated glass is already broken, remains suit once penetrated by humans so as to provide a very high level of security for the residents. The use of laminated glass, especially for glass roofs, skylights, walls of swimming kolamm and others, where the unwanted presence of the ruins of glass if broken. Laminated glass also used for a display of valuables (anti-theft).
There may still be other types of glass that I have not discussed here, which surely you must choose the right glass to make it look beautiful and attractive. Thus information about Know Your Glass Types and Uses, may be useful for you and can be your reference. Thank you