Every house must have a foundation as the power to the home. The foundation is one of the most vital structural elements of a building construction, since the foundation in charge of most late in shouldering all the burden of the building to be forwarded to the ground. If compared in business, the foundation is a division of “negotiation”, “public relations”, or “marketing” of a structure in order to be accepted by the ground aka earth where rests. Where there dipijak earth upheld the sky, so less so :).
So that the structure can be received by the soil, the foundation in charge of adjusting the type of approach to the ground by conducting a survey of the characteristics of the land, such as sondir test to determine the soil bearing capacity.
Here are the types of foundation:
1. Foundations palms
The foundation of the palm of a simple kind of foundation that has been used by the Indonesian society since ancient times. This foundation is made of hardened soil or hard rock dug by local people in certain areas, in fact rarely the menggunakanbatu padas former temple ruins.
This foundation work system implementing cropping systems. So these hold the palm of the column foundations are embedded in it so it does not fall into the ground. As is the case when we use a flat wedge or wedge wider for standard motors when placed on soft ground.
2. Foundations River Stone (for Simple building 1-2 floors)
Unlike the palm of the foundation, The foundation stone will be planted in the ground to get the soil bearing capacity that is better than the surface and into a set with sloof resulting in a structural rigidity.
The foundation stone consists of stone and adhesives are a mixture of sand and cement. Usually a mixture of stone aggregate to glue this time using perbangingan 1: 3 because the stone will always receive seepage water from the soil. Thus requiring a more powerful mix withstand seepage.
3. The foundation Tread / Local / foot plate
Foundation footprint is the foundation that is widely used by the people of Indonesia when erect a building. Particularly multistory buildings as well as buildings that stand on soft ground. For Bali, usually taken a depth of 1.5 to 3 meters. The concept is spreading across the load to the ground through a foot columns that form a concrete slab with thickness ranging between 15-25 cm and area that adapts to the load carrying capacity of the land and who forwarded the column.
Hopefully this article useful for you to add insight and knowledge in the field of building. Thank you