I’m sure a lot of people who have never seen a house Tribal Eskimo unique, you need not go to the poles, here’s a little review: Nation Eskimos who live in circumference above the north pole has a unique house called igloos, in say unique because the whole house made of ice and half-round shape (Dome) and the entrance door in the form of a cylinder. Like other human needs of the home, the Eskimos also have reason membuatIgloo to shelter from the cold, wild animals (wild animals such as polar bears).
Building Igloo is memilikikonstruksi strong because it is made with ice that is not easy to melt and they make igloos time when winter is coming so it can be said if this type of house is a house temporary only winter time because when the warm season (summer / summer) Igloo will melt. The temperature in the house is warm and comfortable enough Iglo livable and unaffected suhudiluar which can be up to -45 degrees Celsius and all the activities carried out in the house.
Igloo consists of 3 types are distinguished by a large room and usability:
* Igloo small type for temporary shelter (overnight or two nights) are often built hunters when hunting in the desert or the sea ice.
* Igloo semipermanent sized for a family residence. In it only consists of one habitable room shared by two families. A number igloo semipermanent settlements in an area forming “Inuit village”.
* Large Igloo made for special occasions. Built from a smaller sized igloo that overhauled in order to become bigger, but it can also be a new building. In the large-sized igloo there are 5 rooms and can accommodate up to 20 people. Large igloo could be built from a few small igloo connected by tunnels, so that there is only one entrance to several igloo. In the large-sized igloo party can be held together, traditional dance (music Inuit and Katajjaq).
How to make Iglo?
Direction of the block of ice while making an igloo
a clear need ice blocks perfect beam strength and sturdiness, then beam beams are arranged like a brick at the moment we are preparing to make the wall / walls of the house, and the ice had to be mutually closely adrift / sticking due to wind and will be strong by itself. An excavated hole snow made the front room near the entrance. In the higher part used as a family room and bedroom.
Small tunnels are often built in front of the entrance, so that wind from outside are not directly entered into and the warmth of the inside do not run out when the door is opened. Snow is a good coating materials, so that the space inside the igloo can be a place to stay warm and comfortable. One or two blocks of ice on the walls need to be removed to make windows and vents for the room in the igloo was not dark when snow closed the door of the beam.
Igloo is a unique dome construction, because it was built from the beams which mutually support one another without using a frame structure. When constructed properly, the roof of the igloo withstand the weight of the person standing on it. The heat of traditional lamps Inuit called qulliq could melt the ice on the inside of the igloo, but part of the melting ice can be frozen immediately returned and formed new ice sheets that add strength igloo building.
Sleeping area is located on the inside of the house is higher than the existing space near the entrance. The inside of the igloo lower the room where the cold air come together, because cold air has a high specific gravity flows downward. Instead, the hot air has a lower specific gravity flow to the top, so stay warm sleeping space when installed heating, lighting, or sleep wearing only a blanket. There are also (The Central Inuit, especially those living in Davis Strait), which modify the family room with a coat of animal skins. Room temperature in an igloo covered with animal skins can be 2 ° C to 10-20 ° C warmer than without coating. Similarly, information about the house Eskimo tribes, may open up your horizons and increase your knowledge.